Backgammon Rules: How to Keep Score of a Game

Backgammon is often played in a series of games where players race to get a specified number of points. The backgammon player who is to get that number of points first wins the match. We'll discuss how to keep score in a game of backgammon.

Since we'll be playing backgammon in match play a lot of times we need to learn how to keep score. There'll be times when ever our strategies and decisions during a game is influenced by how much points we have as we keep score in a match.

When we keep score in a backgammon game, we usually get one point for every game we win. That is the initial value of a backgammon game, but that value may change during the course of a game. If players feel or think that they have a sufficient advantage during a backgammon game they may offer to double the value of a game using the doubling cube.

If that happens this is how you keep score of this backgammon game. Initially, put the game at one point in value. If one player offers to double the value of the game and the other player accepts/takes the offer then raise the value of a game to two points. The player who wins this backgammon game walks away with two points.

If the opponent refuses or passes the offer to double the stakes, then the game ends and the player who offered to double the value of the game wins. You keep score and give one point to the winning player.

Take note that backgammon games can redouble. Here's how to keep score of a backgammon game that's been redoubled over. The backgammon game should already have been doubled to two points. Keep track of every subsequent accepted redouble and double the game value accordingly. If a player refuses the next offer to redouble (thereby resigning) award the winner the current value of points after the redoubles are applied.

If the player who lost wasn't able to bear off any checker at the end of a backgammon game then that player loses a gammon. You then double the current value of the game again after applying the redoubles from the doubling cube. Worse, if the losing player still has checkers on the opponent's home board or the bar that player loses three times the current value of the game after applying the doubles from the doubling cube. This situation during a game is called a backgammon.

This is basically how you keep score of a backgammon game. The doubling cube and winning by a gammon or backgammon affects the initial value of a game.